Children Education

Children's education

in the view of Imam Al-Ghazali

Al-Ghazali, known in Europe as Algazel, is one of the most illustrious Muslim scholars.In his thirties, he became the principal teacher at Madrasah Nizamiyyah of Baghdad, the     most renowned institution of learning in eastern Islam. His ideas on education dominated Islamic educational thought for centuries after his death.

According to Al-Ghazali,

"knowledge exists potentially in the human soul like the seed in the soil; by learning the potential becomes actual."                                                                                                            

The child, "is a trust (placed by God) in the hands of his parents, and his innocent heart is a precious element capable of taking impressions".

If the parents, and later the teachers, brought him up in righteousness, he would live happily in this world and the next and they would be rewarded by God for their good deed. If they neglected the child's upbringing and education he would lead a life of unhappiness in both worlds and they would bear the burden of the sin of neglect.

 Al-Ghazali stresses that


  • Ø A child must not boast about his father's wealth, and must be polite and attentive to all.
  • Ø He should be taught not to love money for love of it is a deadly poison.
  • Ø He must learn to respect and obey his parents, teachers and elders.
  • Ø The pupil must not be excessively proud, or jealous.
  • Ø He must act towards God as he would wish his servant acted towards him.


Education is like "the labour of the farmer, who uproots the weeds, trims wheat so as it grows better and gives a better harvest."Every man needs a teacher to guide him in the right direction. To try and do without leads to worst illusions.

He who undertakes the instructions of the young "undertakes great responsibility". He must therefore be as tender to his pupils as if they were his own children.

He must correct moral lapses through hinting... above all he himself must set an example so that his action accords with his precepts.

He must adapt his teaching to the pupil's capacity and ability, and not to overburden the pupil's capacity, nor give him fright.

He must respect the less gifted pupil, who might if lost; leave safe foundations for standards he would never reach.

The teacher carries following duties.

  • ü First and foremost he is a father for his pupils. He must teach for the sake of God.
  • ü He would advise the student with prudence, fight the excessive urge to learn too quickly, and to overtake his peers.
  • ü He would reprimand with moderation, in private, discreetly, not in public.
  • ü To blame too much is to make the pupil too stubborn in his way of seeing and doing things.
  • ü And one other duty of the teacher is to make sure that what he teaches he pursues in his life and that his own acts do not contradict what he is trying to inculcate.

Al-Ghazali insists that after school, the pupil must be allowed to have recreation. To prevent play and insist on continuous study leads to dullness in the heart, diminution in intelligence and unhappiness.

 (Muhammad Nadeem Azhar)


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